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Introduction, paragraphs and conclusion

Introduction, paragraphs and conclusion

Introduction

The introduction is a paragraph that ‘introduces’ the reader to what you are going to be writing about. If you have any unusual or specific keywords or terminology, explain them here to provide clarity for the reader. Remember, this is just the introduction so do not talk in detail about any of your points, that will happen in the main body of the essay (see paragraphs).

In summary it should include the following points:

  • Explain what the essay is about
  • Explain any keywords or terminology that you are going to use
  • Be clear and precise
  • Do not start explaining your points

Paragraphs

Your paragraphs are the main body of your essay. It may be helpful to think of each paragraph as a mini essay in that you are introducing the point, explaining it, providing evidence and summarising it. Equally, do not fall into the trap of narrating or ‘telling the story’; keep focussed upon the point you are making. You may find the acrostics below (PEEL and PESEL) helpful in remaining focussed, precise and analytical in your responses.

PEEL

Point make your point
Explain explain your reasoning
Evidence provide the evidence that proves your point
Link link to the question and the next paragraph

PESEL

Point make your point
Explain explain your reasoning
Support support your point with evidence
Evaluate evaluate your point and evidence
Link link to the next paragraph

Conclusion

The conclusion is a paragraph that ‘concludes’ or summarises your essay. This will include the main points/conclusions and evidence that you have used. It will not include any new points not mentioned in the essay.

In summary it should include the following points:

  • Summarise your essay
  • Conclude and summarise your main points
  • Do not include any new points